Learning the Urdu Alphabet

Students will master the Urdu alphabet and see a corresponding improvement in their written work.
The kids’ memories will be permanently etched with the corresponding sounds of the Urdu letters.
Students will learn to recognise and differentiate between Urdu letters that are quite similar to one another in this session.


Table of Contents


Urdu alphabet flashcards and printouts, complete with whiteboard ink and chalk.
Audio examples of the letters in the Urdu alphabet

Give yourself five minutes to introduce yourself to the class and explain why you’ve decided to teach them the Urdu alphabet.
See if any of your students can name any Urdu alphabetic or phonic symbols.

Have them look at the flashcards of the Urdu alphabet and see if they recognise any of the letters.
Throughout the first 25 minutes of your course, you will study the appearance and sound of the first five Urdu letters, as well as some words that use them.
Use a whiteboard to demonstrate and instruct on how to form the letters.

By playing the audio snippets, you can help your children learn the correct way to pronounce each letter.
Kids can practise their letter writing on the accompanying worksheets.

Watch how each child is progressing and give them individualised comments if needed.
Take a quick quiz to see how well you know the Urdu alphabet (15 minutes into the lesson).
Show the flashcards to the kids and have them guess the letter and its sound.

Provide writing materials (paper, whiteboards) to students and have them create the alphabet.
Provide your analysis of the test and suggestions for improving it.

Five minutes before the unit ends, students will study the Urdu alphabet and its sounds.
Get the kids’ thoughts and see if they have any questions.

Let kids practise what they’ve learned by writing out a few words using the new alphabet is a good idea.


The purpose of the in-class test is to serve as a formative assessment.
How well a student does on their homework contributes to their final grade.


Words can be created by students using their newfound knowledge of Urdu script.
A more complex script and vocabulary are available for students of advanced Urdu.
It is possible that the development of games and activities based on the Urdu alphabet could make the process of learning it more enjoyable and engaging for students.
This lesson plan’s overarching objective is to provide students with a solid foundation in the Urdu alphabet and to enhance their reading and writing skills in the language.

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